Monthly Archives: October 2009

Paul’s burial in Rome

The apostle Peter gets the most attention in Rome, but Paul also has his share of shrines. Paul was taken to Rome in the custody of the Roman Empire (Acts 27-28).

I appeal to Caesar. (Act 25:11)

Tradition has it that Paul was buried outside the walls of Rome where we now find the Basilica of St. Paul Outside the Walls.

The basilica of St. Paul Outside the Walls in Rome. Photo by Ferrell Jenkins.

The basilica of St. Paul Outside the Walls in Rome. Photo by Ferrell Jenkins.

The statue in front of the church shows Paul with a drawn sword and a book. The inscription reads PREDICATORI VERITATIS and DOCTORI GENEIUM. Paul was a preacher of truth and a teacher of the Gentiles.

For this I was appointed a preacher and an apostle (I am telling the truth, I am not lying) as a teacher of the Gentiles in faith and truth. (1Timothy 2:7 NAU; see also 2 Timothy 1:11)

Appian Way mile marker

Mile markers were commonly used in the Roman world. Over the past forty years I have seen several in Israel and Jordan. Many of them have disappeared or have been taken to a secure place.

The marker here is the first one south of the city wall in Rome. Just as we have markers on our highways to indicate distances, so did the Romans.

Mile marker on the Appian Way in Rome. Photo by Ferrell Jenkins.

Mile marker on the Appian Way in Rome. Photo by Ferrell Jenkins.

Tomb of Caecilia Metella on the Appian Way

Several ancient structures may be seen along the Appian Way south of Rome. One of the most impressive is the Tomb of Caecilia Metella. The woman for whom this tomb is named was the wife of a certain M. Crassus who shared power in Rome with Julius Caesar and Pompey.

The decorations on the tomb seem to date it to the beginning of the Augustan period (Wycliffe Historical Geography 538). I think we can safely conclude that Paul passed this structure on his way to Rome (Acts 28:13-14).

The Tomb of Caecilia Metella on the Appian Way. Photo by Ferrell Jenkins.

The Tomb of Caecilia Metella on the Appian Way. Photo by Ferrell Jenkins.

Thebes in Bible Prophecy

Luxor was known as Thebes in Old Testament times. Both Jeremiah and Ezekiel prophesied the Lord’s judgment of the city. Jeremiah says,

“The LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, says, ‘Behold, I am going to punish Amon of Thebes, and Pharaoh, and Egypt along with her gods and her kings, even Pharaoh and those who trust in him’” (Jeremiah 46:25; see also Ezekiel 30:14-16)

A visit to the ruined and unoccupied temples of Karnak and Luxor, where Amon (or Amun) was worshiped as a great god, illustrates the fulfillment of this prophecy. Shortly after the time of Jeremiah (c. 586 BC), Egypt and Thebes began to decline as a world power.

This photo of the avenue of the ram-headed sphinxes leads to the first pylon of the great temple of the god Amon (or Amun). The first pylon was the last part of the temple constructed (about 700 BC) and remains unfinished. This photo is large enough to be used in teaching presentations. Click on the photo for a larger image. I hope you will enjoy using it.

The avenue of ram-headed sphinxes and the first pylon at Karnak. Photo by Ferrell Jenkins.

The avenue of ram-headed sphinxes and the first pylon of the great temple of Amun at Karnak. Photo by Ferrell Jenkins.

In 663 BC the Assyrian king Ashurbanipal had already conquered Thebes (Hebrew, No Amon). The prophet Nahum, in prophesying the fall of Nineveh, calls attention to this event (3:8ff.).

Visiting the Bible Lands with Mother

I regretted that my Father never was able to visit the Bible lands with me, but Mother made two trips. The first in 1980, a year after my father died, and the second in 1993. I enjoyed having her as part of the group. She could walk faster and longer than anyone in the group, I think.

Vera Jenkins at Joppa in 1993. Photo by Ferrell Jenkins.

Vera Jenkins at Joppa in 1993. Photo by Ferrell Jenkins.

This has been one of my favorite pictures of Mother. I made it at ancient Joppa in Israel, March 13, 1993, with the Great Sea in the background.

Vera Mann Jenkins – 1913-2009

Vera Mann Jenkins -- 1913-2009

Vera Mann Jenkins -- 1913-2009

My mother passed from this life to be with the Lord this evening in Huntsville (AL) Hospital. The photo I am sharing with you was made in 1993 when she was 80 years of age. She was a wonderful woman, a good mother, and a faithful Christian. I am thankful for the influence she had on my life.

At a later time I will share some remembrances of her.

Charles Darwin – Galapagos Finches

HT: Defend the Word