A friend asks about the pinnacle of the temple.
Can you tell me where to find a diagram that shows the “pinnacle of the temple?” It looks as if the consensus is that it was Solomon’s porch. Anyone jumping off would land in the Kidron Valley.
In my reading the most common view is that the southeast corner of the Temple Mount is the place mentioned in Mark and Luke as the pinnacle of the temple.
William Barclay says,
In the third temptation Jesus in imagination saw himself on the pinnacle of the Temple where Solomon’s Porch and the Royal Porch met. (The Gospel of Luke, in The Daily Study Bible Series, 44)
Benjamin Mazar, The Mountain of the Lord, shows a photo of the southeast corner of the wall with the comment that this “is known as the ‘pinnacle of the Temple’ (Mark 11:11; Luke 4:9),” page 149.
William Hendriksen says,
The present temptation, then, takes place in Jerusalem, to which the devil has led Jesus. Satan has set the Savior on the very pinnacle (literally wing) of the outer wall of the entire temple complex. The exact spot is not given. It may have been the roof-edge of Herod’s royal portico, overhanging the Kedron Valley, and looking down some four hundred fifty feet, a “dizzy height,” as Josephus points out (Antiq. XV.412). This spot was located southeast of the temple court, perhaps at or near the place from which, according to tradition, James, the Lord’s brother, was hurled down. See the very interesting account in Eusebius, EcclHist;, II.xxiii. ( New Testament Commentary : Exposition of the Gospel According to Luke, 237)
Here is the comment by Josephus,
… and this cloister deserves to be mentioned better than any other under the sun; for while the valley was very deep, and its bottom could not be seen, if you looked from above into the depth, this further vastly high elevation of the cloister stood upon that height, insomuch, that if anyone looked down from the top of the battlements, or down both those heights, he would be giddy, while his sight could not reach to such an immense depth. (Ant. 15:412)
The photo below shows the southeast corner of the temple enclosure built by Herod the Great in the Second Temple model now displayed on the grounds of the Israel Museum.
In the photo below we see the southeast corner from the east. The stone work includes a conglomerate ranging from later Moslem (at the top) to Herodian (at the bottom). At the present time one certainly would not fall into the Kidron Valley if he jumped from the top of the wall. I do not know what it might have been in the time of Jesus. I think a jump from the present wall to the land below would be deadly enough.
Here is a view of the Kidron Valley looking south. The “pinnacle of the temple” is visible in the upper right of the photo. The valley drops off rapidly near the point where you see the tomb on the left (Absalom’s Pillar).
In a post to follow I will mention another view.
My friend asked where to find a diagram of the pinnacle of the temple. One might check the Image Library at Ritmeyer Archaeological Design here.
The photos above might be all one needs to illustrate the point. I have posted these in sizes large enough for use in teaching presentations.
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This might be anachronistic and thus totally uncalled-for, but I can’t help but think of the tradition recorded in Yalkut Shimoni:
שנו רבותינו בשעה שמלך המשיח בא עומד על גג בית המקדש והוא משמיע להם לישראל ואומר ענוים הגיע זמן גאולתכם, ואם אין אתם מאמינים ראו באורי שזרח עליכם שנאמר קומי אורי כי בא אורך וכזבוד ה’ עליך זרח
Our Rabbis taught, at the time when King Messiah comes, he will stand on the roof (gag) of the Temple and proclaim to Israel, “Humble ones, the time your redemption has arrived! If you don’t believe me, look at my light that shines on you!” As it is said, “Arise, shine, for your light has come, and the glory of the LORD has shone on you.”
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Thanks for the comment Leen. I mentioned near the bottom of the post that I would mention another view. That is it. Perhaps tomorrow.
Thanks for this post. Mazar actually had a different idea, see my latest post at ritmeyer.com