Monthly Archives: August 2008

China, then and now

The media, especially NBC, is giving lots of attention to the upcoming Olympic games from China. Many changes have taken places in China over the past few decades. Some good; some not so good. In 1986 we took a tour to China. This morning I dug out a photo of the group that we made before climbing the Great Wall, and thought that some of you might enjoy seeing it.

Wonders of China group led by Ferrell Jenkins at the Great Wall in 1986.

Wonders of China group led by Ferrell Jenkins at the Great Wall in 1986.

If you know some of the folks who have traveled with us in the past you may click on the image to see a larger copy.

Tutankhamum and the World of the Pharaohs

The premier exhibition of Tutankhamum and the World of the Pharaohs is current open in Vienna. Maybe you will not be able to get to Vienna, but there are some wonderful photos on line. The exhibit web page is here.

To get to the photos click on the English (UK) flag at the top of the page. (Pay attention. This will not work on the German page.) Then click on Press and Media. The photo here shows the top of one of the canopic jars in the the King Tut tomb. This jar, made of alabaster, was used to store one of the major organs of the body. Click on the photo for a larger image.

The top of a canopic jar from the tomb of Tutanhkamum. Photo by Sandro Vannini.

The top of a canopic jar from the tomb of Tutanhkamum. Photo by Sandro Vannini.

Howard Carter discovered the intact tomb of King Tut in 1922. Tut lived between 1341 and 1323 B.C. This is about a century after Moses was in Egypt if we depend on the dates given in certain Old Testament references like 1 Kings 6:1.

Now it came about in the four hundred and eightieth year after the sons of Israel came out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon’s reign over Israel, in the month of Ziv which is the second month, that he began to build the house of the LORD.

The fourth year of Solomon’s reign would have been about 966 B.C.

When one sees the wealth represented in the tomb of King Tut he must be impressed with the statement made by the writer of Hebrews regarding the treasures of Egypt.

By faith Moses, when he had grown up, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh’s daughter, choosing rather to endure ill-treatment with the people of God than to enjoy the passing pleasures of sin, considering the reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures of Egypt; for he was looking to the reward. (Hebrews 11:24-26 NASB)

Seal of Zedekiah’s minister found

The Jerusalem Post is reporting here on the discovery of a seal impression belonging to Gedalyahu ben Pashur (English versions have Gedaliah the son of Pashhur). The relevant text from Jeremiah reads,

Now Shephatiah the son of Mattan, Gedaliah the son of Pashhur, Jucal the son of Shelemiah, and Pashhur the son of Malchiah heard the words that Jeremiah was saying to all the people (Jeremiah 38:1 ESV)

Here are a few excepts from the Jerusalem Post article:

The seal impression, or bulla, with the name Gedalyahu ben Pashur, who served as minister to King Zedekiah (597-586 BCE) according to the Book of Jeremiah, was found just meters away from a separate seal impression of another of Zedekia’s ministers, Yehukual ben Shelemyahu, which was uncovered three years ago, said Prof. Eilat Mazar who is leading the dig at the site.

Other Biblical-era bullae were previously found a quarter century ago at the City of David site. In 1982, the Israeli archeologist Yigal Shiloh discovered a cache of bullae in a nearby site, including one with the name of Gemaryahu ben Shaphan – mentioned in the Bible as a minister and scribe during the reign of King Jehoiakim (608-597 BCE).

Hopefully a nice photo of the seal with be forthcoming shortly.

HT: Paleojudaica

Update. For a photo of the inscription check the Trumpet.

The ESV Study Bible

Quite a bit of attention is being given to the forthcoming (October 15) English Standard Version Study Bible. Dr. Leen Ritmeyer has served as archaeological and architectural editor for the new study Bible. On his blog he calls attention to two interviews with Justin Taylor, Project Director and Managing Editor of the ESV Study Bible.

The first interview is “What Did Calvary Look Like?” Evidence for the Church of the Holy Sepulcher and the Garden Tomb is summarized. Golgotha on this drawing is now the site of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher.

Drawing showing Golgotha.

Drawing showing Golgotha.

The second interview is “What Did Jesus’ Tomb Look Like?”

If you teach the Bible you will want to download the large drawings associated with these interviews. Some sample pages in PDF (Introductions to Luke, Revelation, and Psalms) are available for download here.

Taylor explains the high quality of these drawings (“paintings”):

Using Dr. Ritmeyer’s extensive research and new drawings, we then turned to the illustration firm Maltings Partnership (in Derby, England) to produce the final, full-color paintings. We knew of Maltings’ superb work from their reconstruction drawings in the DK Travel Guides and the National Geographic Traveler guides. We could not be happier with the final results.